Coffee is a drink containing caffeine and with a mildly stimulating effect that is made from the ground or processed seeds of the tropical tree.
Coffee is one of the most consumed beverages in the entire world along with water and tea. It is made from roasted coffee seeds or beans. Most people prefer to drink it hot but there are some who prefer it cold while others add sweeteners and milk, cream or nondairy creamer to their taste. Some people even add alcohol. You can also purchase coffee flavored alcoholic beverages.
cofˇfee [ káwfee, kóffee ] (plural cofˇfees) Coffee was first discovered in Ethiopia sometime around the ninth century when shepherds noticed their flock consuming some of the beans in the pasture. The goats appeared to have an increase in their energy level after consuming them. From there, the beverage spread to Egypt, Yemen and finally reached Turkey, Persia and parts of Africa in the 15th century.
Eventually, the beverage reached Europe and in 1690 the Dutch succeeded in smuggling plants into Europe, in spite of the Arab prohibition of taking plants and roasted beans away from their land. The Dutch grew this smuggled crop in Java, which was their colony at that time. It eventually reached the Americas and although, the Americans initially did not take to it, they gradually accepted it and the demand grew from there.
Coffee plants come in two main species, Arabica and Robusta. It is said that Arabica is the better tasting brew but Robusta is sometimes used to substitute it, to cut cost. There are other species of the plant and these are coffea libereca and coffea esliaca. Most of the Arabica beans come from 3 major regions, namely, Latin America, Africa and Asia.
The beans or seeds must be roasted before they can be sold as ready to consume coffee. To do this, the fruits or berries must be picked from the tree, dried, sorted out and sometimes even aged. As they are roasted, they turn dark due to the natural occurrence of caramelized sucrose. When coffee is decaffeinated, the caffeine, which was extracted from the beans, are sold to pharmaceutical companies. Caffeine is sometimes added to pain relievers as caffeine can help reduce pain.
Before the coffee beans are ground they must be roasted. After the coffee is roasted and ground it is ready to use to make that delicious cup of java. Grinding usually occurs at the factory but some people prefer to grind their whole beans themselves. Instant coffee is either freeze-dried or dried into soluble powder for easy and less time consuming preparation. Other types of coffees are in cans, ready to drink and pre-mixed with sweeteners and sometimes cream is already added.
Coffee tasting or coffee cupping is experiencing the tastes and aromas of brewed coffee as connoisseurs. Anybody who wants to do it can do it; they just have to go through the motions of the professionals. The taster sniffs deeply at the aroma of the beverage and slurps it so it spreads towards the back of the tongue. Attempts to measure the taste, more specifically the texture or so called mouthfeel, the acidity and balance or the harmony of flavors of the beverage.
Coffee beans were first exported from Ethiopia to Yemen. Yemeni traders brought coffee back to their homeland and began to cultivate the bean. The first coffee house was Kiva Han, which opened in Constantinople in 1457.
Almost every country in Central and South America Grow coffee. Bolivia, Brazil, Columbia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Honduras and El Salvador to name a few.
Africa coffees sold in North America are mostly from Ethiopia and Kenya, the two most distinctive coffee origins in the region and arguably in the world. However, coffee is grown in substantial quantities all along the string of mountains and plateaus extending south from Ethiopia and Kenya. Uganda, Rwanda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe all produce interesting, at times exceptional, coffees.
Jamaica's famous Blue Mountain Coffee and coffee from Haiti, the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico.
Hawaii is well known for it’s Kona.