100% Kona Coffee is grown on the slopes of Mount Hualalai and Mauna Loa in Hawaii is the name of the particular Arabica coffee grown there.
The combination of bright sunny days, sometimes humid rainy afternoons and balmy nights contribute a lot to making coffee growing favorable in this part of Hawaii. The specific flavor of the coffee from the Kona district is attributed to these weather conditions.
Pure Kona Coffee from the Kona district is considered as one of the more desirable kinds of coffee in the world and only those that are grown in the Kona district can really be called Kona coffee.
Samuel Ruggles initially brought the coffee plant to Kona in the nineteenth century. The cuttings of the coffee plant that was brought came from Brazil. Right now, there are several Kona coffee family owned farms all over the Kona district. The coffee plants in Kona flowers around February and March. The small white flowers produced by the coffee plants are called Kona snow.
The red berries come around late August and they are soon ready to be picked around that time. Hand picking of the berries start from August to early January. After picking the berries are defruited or run through a pulper that separates the pulp from the seeds. The coffee beans are then dried for around a week or two weeks to have optimum moisture left in them.
Pure Kona coffee beans are graded as are most others into different types. The usual types of coffee beans are flat on one side and oval at the other. The other type is a round coffee bean in a single berry. The single coffee bean is usually more prized because this contains more coffee flavor than the ones that come in pairs.
The two seed types can further be differentiated depending on their moisture content, bean size and purity. The coffee beans, which come in pairs, are graded as Kona Extra Fancy, Kona Fancy, Kona Number 1 and Kona Prime, while the single seeds are graded as Peaberry Number 1 and Peaberry Prime.
A few coffee producers market Kona coffee. This makes the sold coffee actually not Kona at all since it has lesser percentage compared to the other kinds blended with it.
These are several blends of coffee added to the Kona. This kind of coffee usually only contains about 10% Kona coffee and the rest is either Columbian or Brazilian coffees.